Barcode of Life (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced. DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification.
Hulst, G.D., 1890. The Phyctidae of North America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 17: 206.
Ragonot, E.L., 1887. Diagnoses of North American Phycitidae and Galleriidae. Published by the author, Paris, p. 19. PDF
Shaffer, J.C., 1968. A revision of the Peoriinae and Anerastiinae (auctorum) of America North of Mexico (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 280: 14; figs. 13, 71, 106, 145.