Barcode of Life (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced. DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification.
Hall et al., 2021. The Moths of North Carolina - website (identification, habitats and life history)
Miller, W.E., 2000. A comparative taxonomic-natural history study of eight Nearctic species of Gnorimoschema that induce stem galls on Asteraceae, including descriptions of three new species (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Thomas Say Publications in Entomology: Monographs. Entomological Society of America, 76 pp.