Barcode of Life (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced. DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification.
Grote, A.R., 1882. Article X. - North American moths, with a preliminary catalogue of the species of Hadena and Polia. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, 6(2): 257-277.
Hall et al., 2021. The Moths of North Carolina - website (identification, habitats and life history)
Hasbrouck, F.F., 1964. Moths of the family Acrolophidae in America North of Mexico. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 114: 632; figs. 158-161.